Communications Plan for HMS Montrose in the Strait of Hormuz
By Commander Tom Sharpe OBE RN (Retd); freelance communications advisor and Partner at Special Project Partners. This plan is based on GCS OASIS methodology which identifies the Objectives and the Target Audience before attempting a Strategy.
Promote the Royal Navy’s and HMS Montrose’s excellence in delivering this task (before it becomes enduring and/or escalates)
Amplify the strategic foresight that saw a RN frigate forward-based in Bahrain
Demonstrate RN flexibility (above other, similar navies)
Reiterate the global currency that is freedom of navigation
Improve information flow with national and international media
Do not escalate with Iran
Remain right side of rapidly evolving UK political picture
Herein lies the problem, not just with this but with most military communications – it is not possible to target effectively the breadth of audiences listed below with the same set of messages (see initial reaction to Army ‘snowflake’ recruitment campaign). Different channels and approaches are needed almost for each line. If this plan were to be converted into activity, this would from a major part of the Implementation section (below).
Decision Makers (DM) – Those who shape defence spending
Opinion Leaders (OL) – Those who can influence the DMs. Includes general public, think tanks, on-line defence groups etc
Media Advocates – Elements who show consistent support to the RN
Other Media (All Channels) – Target Audience in own right and route to DMs
Youth – Potential recruits
Navy Diaspora – Important for retention
US Government/Navy – A good time to be presenting as dependable
EU – Separate escorting task from requirement to uphold JCPOA
Iran – RN is there to protect shipping but also to deter/defend/fight if necessary
The current situation in the Strait of Hormuz, whilst unfortunate, provides an outstanding opportunity to showcase the Royal Navy and its contribution to the world stage. It is generating a high degree international interest and is receiving proactive, and often real-time contributions from many of the target audiences. US coverage remains characteristically forward-leaning. RN Communications posture must match this if it is to ensure all objectives are communicated to all audiences by us (and not someone else). Additionally, suppressing information from Montrose risks creating an adversarial atmosphere with the media who will find their information elsewhere. Judgement 1 – nothing in this plan is going to influence Iranian behaviour. Their drivers (removal of sanctions, safety of the Regime) sit above this activity. Judgement 2 – The Defence Correspondents Association (DCA) can be trusted to honour the requirement to maintain Operational Security (OpSec).
The number of people in the communications chain between the ship and the Secretary of State is high: Ship’s Public Relations Officer (PRO); Ship’s Captain; Bahrain PRO; UK Maritime Component Commander; US Navy 5th Fleet Public Affairs; Royal Navy Media and Comms; UK Permanent Joint Headquarters media cell; Commander Joint Operations; Military Strategic Effects (MSE); Directorate of Defence Communications (DDC); Special Advisors (Spads) etc. Any one of these can delay or block a fast-moving communications environment. The requirement to be proactive must therefore be understood by all – delegations are key. Similarly, the difference between (genuine) OpSec material and just ‘sensitive information’ is to be instinctively understood by all parties and not used as a reason/excuse to not communicate.
Selected elements of the Defence Correspondents Association (DCA) to be allowed onboard HMS Montrose (ideally on sailing from port visit). The risk of them getting held onboard due to operational contingencies is to be noted but accepted.
Selected Decision Makers and Opinion Leaders to be granted access next time the ship is on passage to/from a port visit.
RN Media and Comms and DDC Campaigns to align on a proactive, all channels media campaign to support the work of the ship(s) and wider coalition activities.
Embargoes to be used with caution. If a short embargo (less than 24 Hours) allows synchronicity between broadcast and print outlets then it should be permitted. Long embargoes to ensure the release of information synchronises with (distantly related) political announcements should not be used.
Holding back information in anticipation of a VVIP visit should be avoided.
Ship’s Captain and PRO to be allowed to make full use of owned channels. Clear operating parameters to be set – permissions to be treated the same as, for example, weapons release criteria.
Ship’s media posture to be as agile and instinctively understood (and drilled) as their defensive posture, manning posture etc.
Data analysis, polling and online diagnostics to be conducted and then reported on weekly and monthly to monitor effectiveness of Objectives reaching the Audiences.
 Government Communication Service: Objectives, Audience, Strategy, Implementation, Scoring